Fuel, Cartels and GMOs: New Challenges in the Venezuelan Countryside
Expensive fuel and inputs, agribusiness cartels and GMO seeds are present threats to Venezuela's food sovereignty according to grassroots collectives.
Hugo Chávez government implemented policies to democratize food production in Venezuela.
In recent years, an economic crisis heavily exacerbated by US sanctions has driven a liberalization of economic policies. The Venezuelan countryside has been no exception.
One hurdle after another
The tools that once propped up campesino production have disappeared step by step. The so-called “strategic alliances” have seen companies that supplied seeds and fertilizers (AgroPatria) or tractors (Pedro Camejo) transferred to the private sector. This new scheme benefits large-scale producers above all.